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National Eligibility Entrance Test


The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) is the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT), is the qualifying test for MBBS and BDS programmers in Indian medical and dental colleges. All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT) is now known as NEET. NEET exams are conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).

  • The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) was firstly introduced on 2012.
  • The NEET exam was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students seeking admission for both undergraduate and postgraduate medicine. The NEET examination, which offers 90,000 seats in MBBS and BDS Colleges of India, is conducted in the month of May every year.
  • The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) is a national level entrance test. The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) will be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) tentatively in first week of May but due to Covid-19 the perfect date is yet to come.
  • NEET exam is an opportunity for those students seeking for admission in MBBS and BDS courses provided by top medical colleges or universities of the country. Before NTA, which is an independent autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization, the test was conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
  • For admission of MBBS, BDS ,AYUSH courses (except AIIMS & JPMER ) across India’s Medical and Dental Colleges which are operated under the approval of Medical Council Of India and Dental Council Of India . As soon as NEET results are announced, NTA declares the counseling process too. Once a NEET candidate successfully qualifies the NEET exam, he/she can participate in the NEET counseling process.
  • A NEET candidate needs to have Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Biotechnology as their compulsory subjects in Class 10th and 12th and must have passed these subjects. A NEET candidate has to show their passing certificate at the time of the counseling round. Marks in Mathematics are not considered in NEET-undergraduate exam (NEET-UG).
  • Other than undergraduate courses, NTA also administers NEET post-graduation (NEET-PG), an eligibility-cum-ranking examination prescribed as the single entrance examination for admission to various MD/MS and PG diploma courses.
  • The NEET exam is conducted online and in 11 languages — English, Hindi, Marathi, Odin, Tamil, Marathi, Urdu Bengali, Telugu, Kannada, and Assamese.
  • The duration of the NEET examination is 3 hours and a candidate needs to answer 180 questions.
  • The exam paper is divided into three sections — Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany and Zoology).
  • All India Pre Medical Test, also known as AIPMT, held on 1 May 2016, was considered as the first phase of the NEET.
  • NEET candidates who registered for Phase One were given a chance to appear for the next phase of NEET held on 24 July 2016, but with a condition that candidates have to give up their NEET Phase 1 score.


  • NEET exam was firstly takes place in 2012 onwards. However, for many reasons, the CBSE and Medical Council of India postponed NEET by a year. The NEET exam was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students who were looking to get admission for both undergraduate and postgraduate medicine.
  • Afterwards, on 18 July 2013, SC gave the decision in favor of 115 petitions and cancelled the NEET exam and announced that the MCI could not interfere with the admission process done by colleges.
  • By following the announcement from the Medical Council of India that it would introduce the NEET-UG exam in 2012, several states including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu strongly opposed the change, stated that there was a huge variation in the syllabus proposed by the MCI and their state syllabus.
  • Even though NEET 2016 is conducted in English and Hindi, it was announced that students can write exams in Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese and Gujarati languages from 2017 onwards.
  • Kannada and Odin languages are added to the list so that students can write the exams in nine Indian languages and English. The apex court ruled that the Medical Council of India cannot conduct a unified examination. The Supreme Court of India cancels the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admissions into all medical and dental colleges on 18 July 2013. According to a 2013 announcement by CBSE, CBSE planned to conduct AIPMT on 4 May 2014. The results for 2013 were announced on 5 June.
  • The final decision on NEET UG was planned to be taken after the verdict of the Supreme Court of India. The Central Board of Secondary Education announces the results and the All India Merit List for NEET-UG. The merit list and the wait-list are prepared as per the directives of the Supreme Court of India, DGHS, MCI and DCI.
  • NEET was declared illegal and unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of India in 2013. However, it was restored on 11 April 2016, after a five-judge Constitution bench recalled the earlier verdict and allowed the Central Government and the Medical Council of India (MCI) to implement the common entrance test until the court decides afresh on its validity.

Some basic principles are:

  • To attempt all questions is not mandatory.
  • A correct answer gives 4 marks and one incorrect answer will deduct 1 mark.
  • There is no negative marking for un-attempted questions.
  • Once a candidate select an answer, it is not possible to change it.
  • Multiple answers will be considered as an incorrect response and will be negatively marked.


The NEET exam pattern comprises of the type of questions, number of questions, marking scheme, etc.

The Detailed NEET exam pattern is mentioned below:

  • NEET Exam Mode: The examination will be conducted through offline mode (paper
  • based).
  • NEET Exam Date: The exam is generally organized in 1st week of May.
  • NEET Exam Mode: The examination will be conducted through offline. 
  • Mode (paper based).
  • NEET Exam Duration: The exam duration will be three hours (2:00 to 5:00 PM).
  • Number of Question: It will contain only one question paper which comprises of 180 questions.
  • Total no’s. : The NEET exam total acquires 720 marks.
  • Mode of examination: Offline (pen and paper only).
“Physics cover 45 questions, Botany covers 45 questions, Zoology covers 45 questions and Chemistry covers 45 questions.”

Type of Question: Questions will be objective type. Each question will contain four optional answers; students are required to mark the correct answer only.


  • Marking scheme of NEET 2021 examination is mentioned below:
  • Total Marks: The question paper will bear total 720 maximum marks.
  • Candidates are required to use only blue/black ball point pen to mark their answers.
  • Candidates note down multiple answers for one question will lead to the negative marking.
  • Marking Scheme: Every question will contain four marks. Total four marks will be given for each correct answer.
  • Negative Marking: There will be negative marking in this examination; one mark will be deducted for each incorrect response.


  • The NEET syllabus comprises of four subjects, i.e. Chemistry, Physics, Zoology and Botany.
  • For better preparations of NEET exam, candidates should prepare for the exam as per the officially prescribed syllabus.
  • The syllabus will be notified by the MCI (Medical Council of India).
  • The syllabus is comprised of topics from class 11th & 12th subjects.


  • As per the orders of Supreme Court OF India, there will be a single medical entrance exam all over India for admission into medical and dental colleges.
    The colleges will not be able to conduct their own medical entrance exam and thus all the colleges will accept students based on NEET Score.
  • After the declaration of the results, an All India Rank (AIR) is allotted to each NEET qualified candidate and a merit list is released.
  • The Medical Council of India conducts counseling (allotment of seats according to merit and candidate choice) for 15% state seats, central institutes and deemed universities. The counseling for remaining 85% state quota seats and private colleges is done by the medical boards of respective states.
  • States prepare their separate merit list on basis of NEET-UG results.
  • The total number of seats offered under NEET is 66,000 which are distributed accordingly.


  • The minimum marks that are required by a candidate to clear the NTSE examination are known cut off marks. Cut off marks are the marks required for a candidate to get eligibility to get admission in Medical and Dental Colleges of India. The conducting authority determines the NEET cut off for MBBS and BDS to shortlist the candidates for admission to 80,055 MBBS, 525 BVSc & AH, 26,949 BDS, and other AYUSH courses offered by government and private colleges of India.
  • National Testing Agency (NTA) releases the NEET cutoff percentile score along with the result. According to the cutoff or the minimum qualifying percentage of the NEET exam, the merit list is prepared By Medical Counseling Committees (MCC) for admission to 15% AIQ, deemed/central universities, AFMS, and ESIC institutes.
  • While the respective state counseling authorities uses the NEET state wise cut off for granting or providing admission to 85% state quota seats and other private institutes in the state. NEET cutoff for MBBS/BDS colleges can be checked from official websites.
  • NEET UG cut off varies for each category. NEET MBBS/BDS cutoff for General category candidates is 50 th . While NEET cut off for OBC, SC and ST will be 40th. NEET cutoff scores for general category candidates are 720-147. While for SC/ST/OBC, it is 146-113.

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